内存管理的入口:

Engine\Source\Runtime\Core\Public\HAL\UnrealMemory.h

内存池中的内存开辟和销毁

Engine\Source\Runtime\Core\Private\HAL\MallocBinned.cpp

MallocBinned.cpp主要函数

内存池的创建:

static FPoolInfo* AllocatePoolMemory(FMallocBinned& Allocator, FPoolTable* Table, uint32 PoolSize, uint16 TableIndex)
{
    const uint32 PageSize = Allocator.PageSize;

    // Must create a new pool.
    uint32 Blocks   = PoolSize / Table->BlockSize;
    uint32 Bytes    = Blocks * Table->BlockSize;
    UPTRINT OsBytes = Align(Bytes, PageSize);

    checkSlow(Blocks >= 1);
    checkSlow(Blocks * Table->BlockSize <= Bytes && PoolSize >= Bytes);

    // Allocate memory.
    FFreeMem* Free = nullptr;
    SIZE_T ActualPoolSize; //TODO: use this to reduce waste?
    Free = (FFreeMem*)OSAlloc(Allocator, OsBytes, ActualPoolSize);

    checkSlow(!((UPTRINT)Free & (PageSize - 1)));
    if( !Free )
    {
        OutOfMemory(OsBytes);
    }

    // Create pool in the indirect table.
    FPoolInfo* Pool;
    {
#ifdef USE_FINE_GRAIN_LOCKS
        FScopeLock PoolInfoLock(&Allocator.AccessGuard);
#endif
        Pool = GetPoolInfo(Allocator, (UPTRINT)Free);
        for (UPTRINT i = (UPTRINT)PageSize, Offset = 0; i < OsBytes; i += PageSize, ++Offset)
        {
            FPoolInfo* TrailingPool = GetPoolInfo(Allocator, ((UPTRINT)Free) + i);
            check(TrailingPool);

            //Set trailing pools to point back to first pool
            TrailingPool->SetAllocationSizes(0, 0, Offset, Allocator.BinnedOSTableIndex);
        }


        BINNED_PEAK_STATCOUNTER(Allocator.OsPeak,    BINNED_ADD_STATCOUNTER(Allocator.OsCurrent,    OsBytes));
        BINNED_PEAK_STATCOUNTER(Allocator.WastePeak, BINNED_ADD_STATCOUNTER(Allocator.WasteCurrent, (OsBytes - Bytes)));
    }

    // Init pool.
    Pool->Link( Table->FirstPool );
    Pool->SetAllocationSizes(Bytes, OsBytes, TableIndex, Allocator.BinnedOSTableIndex);
    Pool->Taken      = 0;
    Pool->FirstMem   = Free;

#if STATS
    Table->NumActivePools++;
    Table->MaxActivePools = FMath::Max(Table->MaxActivePools, Table->NumActivePools);
#endif
    // Create first free item.
    Free->NumFreeBlocks = Blocks;
    Free->Next          = nullptr;

    return Pool;
}

内存池内分配内内存:

static FORCEINLINE FFreeMem* AllocateBlockFromPool(FMallocBinned& Allocator, FPoolTable* Table, FPoolInfo* Pool, uint32 Alignment)
{
    // Pick first available block and unlink it.
    Pool->Taken++;
    checkSlow(Pool->TableIndex < Allocator.BinnedOSTableIndex); // if this is false, FirstMem is actually a size not a pointer
    checkSlow(Pool->FirstMem);
    checkSlow(Pool->FirstMem->NumFreeBlocks > 0);
    checkSlow(Pool->FirstMem->NumFreeBlocks < PAGE_SIZE_LIMIT);
    FFreeMem* Free = (FFreeMem*)((uint8*)Pool->FirstMem + --Pool->FirstMem->NumFreeBlocks * Table->BlockSize);
    if( !Pool->FirstMem->NumFreeBlocks )
    {
        Pool->FirstMem = Pool->FirstMem->Next;
        if( !Pool->FirstMem )
        {
            // Move to exhausted list.
            Pool->Unlink();
            Pool->Link( Table->ExhaustedPool );
        }
    }
    BINNED_PEAK_STATCOUNTER(Allocator.UsedPeak, BINNED_ADD_STATCOUNTER(Allocator.UsedCurrent, Table->BlockSize));
    return Align(Free, Alignment);
}

内存池内回收内存(非物理销毁)

/**
* Releases memory back to the system. This is not protected from multi-threaded access and it's
* the callers responsibility to Lock AccessGuard before calling this.
*/
static void FreeInternal(FMallocBinned& Allocator, void* Ptr)
{
    MEM_TIME(MemTime -= FPlatformTime::Seconds());
    BINNED_DECREMENT_STATCOUNTER(Allocator.CurrentAllocs);

    UPTRINT BasePtr;
    FPoolInfo* Pool = FindPoolInfo(Allocator, (UPTRINT)Ptr, BasePtr);
#if PLATFORM_IOS || PLATFORM_MAC
    if (Pool == NULL)
    {
        UE_LOG(LogMemory, Warning, TEXT("Attempting to free a pointer we didn't allocate!"));
        return;
    }
#endif
    checkSlow(Pool);
    checkSlow(Pool->GetBytes() != 0);
    if (Pool->TableIndex < Allocator.BinnedOSTableIndex)
    {
        FPoolTable* Table = Allocator.MemSizeToPoolTable[Pool->TableIndex];
#ifdef USE_FINE_GRAIN_LOCKS
        FScopeLock TableLock(&Table->CriticalSection);
#endif
#if STATS
        Table->ActiveRequests--;
#endif
        // If this pool was exhausted, move to available list.
        if( !Pool->FirstMem )
        {
            Pool->Unlink();
            Pool->Link( Table->FirstPool );
        }

        void* BaseAddress = (void*)BasePtr;
        uint32 BlockSize = Table->BlockSize;
        PTRINT OffsetFromBase = (PTRINT)Ptr - (PTRINT)BaseAddress;
        check(OffsetFromBase >= 0);
        uint32 AlignOffset = OffsetFromBase % BlockSize;

        // Patch pointer to include previously applied alignment.
        Ptr = (void*)((PTRINT)Ptr - (PTRINT)AlignOffset);

        // Free a pooled allocation.
        FFreeMem* Free      = (FFreeMem*)Ptr;
        Free->NumFreeBlocks = 1;
        Free->Next          = Pool->FirstMem;
        Pool->FirstMem      = Free;
        BINNED_ADD_STATCOUNTER(Allocator.UsedCurrent, -(int64)(Table->BlockSize));

        // Free this pool.
        checkSlow(Pool->Taken >= 1);
        if( --Pool->Taken == 0 )
        {
#if STATS
            Table->NumActivePools--;
#endif
            // Free the OS memory.
            SIZE_T OsBytes = Pool->GetOsBytes(Allocator.PageSize, Allocator.BinnedOSTableIndex);
            BINNED_ADD_STATCOUNTER(Allocator.OsCurrent,    -(int64)OsBytes);
            BINNED_ADD_STATCOUNTER(Allocator.WasteCurrent, -(int64)(OsBytes - Pool->GetBytes()));
            Pool->Unlink();
            Pool->SetAllocationSizes(0, 0, 0, Allocator.BinnedOSTableIndex);
            OSFree(Allocator, (void*)BasePtr, OsBytes);
        }
    }
    else
    {
        // Free an OS allocation.
        checkSlow(!((UPTRINT)Ptr & (Allocator.PageSize - 1)));
        SIZE_T OsBytes = Pool->GetOsBytes(Allocator.PageSize, Allocator.BinnedOSTableIndex);

        BINNED_ADD_STATCOUNTER(Allocator.UsedCurrent,  -(int64)Pool->GetBytes());
        BINNED_ADD_STATCOUNTER(Allocator.OsCurrent,    -(int64)OsBytes);
        BINNED_ADD_STATCOUNTER(Allocator.WasteCurrent, -(int64)(OsBytes - Pool->GetBytes()));
        OSFree(Allocator, (void*)BasePtr, OsBytes);
    }

    MEM_TIME(MemTime += FPlatformTime::Seconds());
}

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